Sri Lankan Ethnic Crisis: Towards a Resolution

Sri Lankan Ethnic Crisis: Towards a Resolution is a result of more than twelve years of research on the Sri Lankan ethnic crisis. It gives a vivid description of the crisis, exposes and analyses for the very first time many controversial factors that influence it, and shows a way to end it by democratic means. Sri Lankan Ethnic Crisis: Towards a Resolution is a unique book among those written on the subject. It looks at the Sri Lankan ethnic crisis in its entirety from a completely different perspective. It gives the most condensed historic background to the crisis, encapsulating the widest possible chronological data substantiated by an extensive bibliography. It is also the timeliest publication on the subject. Most importantly, it proposes a co-ordinated solution to the Sri Lankan crisis and a realistic plan of action for its implementation. The solution so proposed equally applies in principle to other countries of similar crises. The reviews of this book done by well-known academics, journalists and others have been very encouraging.The reviewers include Emeritus Professor Hari Sharma (Canada), Professor Jayadeva Uyangoda (Sri Lanka), Dr. Mahinda Werakave (USA), Trudy Fraser (The Sunday Leader, Sri Lanka), Tilak Fernando (London based freelace jornalist), Oliver Standing (The Daily Mirror, Sri Lanka), Henry Subasinge (Founder President of the Sri Lankan Friendship Association of British Columbia), Asoka Weerasighe (Former Chair, Project Peace for a United Sri Lanka) and the Honourable Bill Graham, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Canada.

Table of Contents

About the author



2.1 Pre-Colonial Era
2.1.1 Early Settlers
2.1.2 Sinhalese-Buddhist Identity
2.1.3 Advanced Hydraulic Civilisation
2.1.4 South Indian Invasions
2.1.5 Demise of Hydraulic Civilization
2.1.6 Three Kingdoms, Two Sinhalese and One Tamil

2.2 Colonial Era
2.2.1 European Colonisation
2.2.2 The Kandyan Convention
2.2.3 Three Separate Administrations
2.2.4 Uva-Vellassa Rebellion
2.2.5 A Unified Administrative System
2.2.6 Matale Rebellion
2.2.7 Communal Representation
2.2.8 Buddhist Revival and Transformation
2.2.9 Talks on Constitutional Reforms
2.2.10 Proposals for Federalism
2.2.11 Constitutional Changes Implemented

2.3 Post-Colonial Era
2.3.1 A Two-Party System
2.3.2 A Language Fiasco
2.3.3 The Emergence of the LTTE
2.3.4 A Separatist War & Peace Talks


3.1 Unwinnable War
3.2 Root Cause
3.3 Colonial Inheritance
3.4 National Disintegration
3.5 Non-secularism
3.6 Unreal Expectations
3.7 Marxists’ Role
3.8 Racism Among Leaders
3.9 Escalation of Mistrust
3.10 Adding a New Problem
3.11 Democracy Betrayed
3.12 Unbuddhist Influence of Some Buddhist Monks
3.13 Ultimate Awakening


4.1 Recognize and Accept Diversity
4.2 Service to Buddhism
4.3 Equality of Languages
4.4 The Concept of Homeland
4.5 The Adivasis
4.6 Citizenship
4.7 Democracy
4.8 Democratic Models Developed Elsewhere
4.9 A New Democratic Model for Sri Lanka
4.10 Process for Change



Appendix 1: The Kandyan Convention
Appendix 2: Bandaranaike–Chelvanayagam Pact
Appendix 3: Dudley Senanayake–Chelvanayagam Pact
Appendix 4: Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement, 1987
Appendix 5: Chronology Since 1983
Appendix 6: Questions and Answers on the Sangha Order
Apendix 7: Government-LTTE MOU, 2002
Appendix 8: Govternment-LTTE Cease-fire Agreement, 1995



List of Maps:
The Kandyan Kingdom 1658 – 1815
Sri Lanka: Provincial Boundaries
Sri Lanka: District Boundaries

List of Tables:
Sri Lanka: Population Distribution
Population by Ethnic Groups
Population by Religion
Five-Year Unified Election Strategy

List of Charts:
Sri Lankan History: Pre-Colonial Era
Sri Lankan History: Colonial Era
The Three Levels of Government
The Central Government
The Regional Government


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